• Identical Twins Have Non-Identical Genomes, Study Finds

    NEW YORK – The genomes of monozygotic twins differ on average by 5.2 early developmental mutations, and about 15 percent of them have a significant number of such mutations that are specific to only one of them, according to a new study.

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  • Scientists discover protective Alzheimer's gene and develop rapid drug-testing platform
    A gene has been discovered that can naturally suppress the signs of Alzheimer's Disease in human brain cells, in research led by Queen Mary University of London. The scientists have also developed a new rapid drug-screening system for treatments that could potentially delay or prevent the disease.
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  • New mammal reference genome helps ID genetic variants for human health
    The rhesus macaque is the most widely studied nonhuman primate in biomedical research. A genome sequencing project for this species, led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Missouri and the University of Washington, has created a new framework for study of this important primate. Research published in the journal Science has established a new reference genome assembly and identified more than 85 million genetic variants in the rhesus macaque, the largest database of genetic variation for any one nonhuman primate species to date.
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  • Genes play a role in common knee injury
    It has long been known that the choice of shoe, surface and type of sport can all be contributing factors when someone suffers an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now observed that genes also play a decisive role.
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  • Do genes doom some kids to obesity? Probably not, study finds

    (HealthDay)—While childhood obesity is a significant challenge, German researchers have uncovered some hopeful news while investigating the impact of genes.

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  • Optogenetic method can reveal how gut microbes affect longevity
    Research has shown that gut microbes can influence several aspects of the host's life, including aging. Given the complexity and heterogeneity of the human gut environment, elucidating how a specific microbial species contributes to longevity has been challenging. To explore the influence of bacterial products on the aging process, researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and Rice University developed a method that uses light to directly control gene expression and metabolite production from bacteria residing in the gut of the laboratory worm Caenorhabditis elegans.
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